Election Insights

Refuting Claims that All US Elections are Manipulated

In the wake of Donald Trump’s attempt to overturn the 2020 presidential election, a cottage industry of conspiracy theorists has advanced ever more expansive claims of vote manipulation, going so far as to allege that all American elections are subject to manipulation in both states that often vote for Republicans and Democrats.

These claims make easily refuted errors in logic and data analysis and in addition misrepresent historical election patterns.

This website examines the claims of Dr. Douglas Frank. On the Learn page we explain why Frank’s claims of voter fraud fail, demonstrating his claims fail under basic logic, empirical analysis, and statistical scrutiny. On the Find a County page we provide a county-level analysis for 42 states that shows how Frank’s claims fail in every county where we have sufficient data to analyze the results.